These free book chapters and journal articles explore how the media can shape attitudes toward war. This includes examining the role of disinformation as a weapon of warfare.
Journal and blog articles
Making Sense of the News in an Authoritarian Regime: Russian Television Viewers’ Reception of the Russia–Ukraine Conflict
by Maxim Alyukov in Europe-Asia Studies
Do citizens in autocracies trust state media? This study uses Russian television viewers’ reception of the Russia–Ukraine conflict to investigate media perception in an autocracy. It argues that citizens in non-democracies lack the opportunities, motivation, and tools to substantively process news.
Fighting Empire, Weaponising Culture: The Conflict with Russia and the Restrictions on Russian Mass Culture in Post-Maidan Ukraine
by Tatiana Zhurzhenko in Europe-Asia Studies
In response to Russian aggression, the Ukrainian Government banned Russian state television channels, raised the quota for Ukrainian language content on television and radio, and barred many Russian actors and musicians from touring in Ukraine. It also limited the import of Russian books and the broadcasting of Russian films and music.
This essay explores the effect of these restrictions.
by Anastasia Kazun and Kseniia Semykina in Problems of Post-Communism
In Russia, the mainstream media is largely influenced by the authorities, while the Internet has more freedom.
This study compared the issue agendas of Vladimir Putin and opposition leader Alexey Navalny across traditional and digital media in the run-up to the 2018 presidential election.
Vian Bakir and Andrew McStay in Digital Journalism
Against the backdrop of the 2016 US presidential election campaign, this study examines the role of our emotions in the spread of fake news.
It proposes solutions for dealing with contemporary disinformation and misinformation.
Visual Mis/disinformation in Journalism and Public Communications: Current Verification Practices, Challenges, and Future Opportunities
by T. J. Thomson et al. in
The enormous number of videos and images being produced, the speed of their spread, and the subtle or invisible-to-the-naked-eye nature of deceptive edits make it difficult for journalists to identify and combat visual mis/disinformation.
This study reviews current and potential journalistic image verification practices.
Responses to digital disinformation as part of hybrid threats: a systematic review on the effects of disinformation and the effectiveness of fact-checking/debunking
by Rubén Arcos et al. at Open Research Europe
This paper examines the effects of disinformation on democratic societies, institutions, economies, and international security. It also reviews strategies for dealing with disinformation in these contexts.
by Thanos Koulos at Open Research Europe
This article examines the nationalization of cyberspace. It analyzes state-led institutions and government websites from Greece, the Netherlands, the US, and Israel that aim to enhance national identity and the sense of national belonging in a globalized world.
Books and book chapters
Featured book chapter
by Yury E. Fedorov in Routledge Handbook of Russian Security
Disinformation and propaganda campaigns are a common method in 'hybrid warfare' – a term that describes a mix of conventional military operations with non-military methods. This chapter exposes the Russian concept of hybrid warfare. It highlights its strategic goals towards Ukraine and outlines the evolution of its war plans from ‘traditional’ to hybrid operations.
by Olga Baysha
This book explores the reasons behind the unexpected rise to power of Ukraine’s President Volodymyr Zelensky, a former comedian with no political background. It offers an in-depth analysis of the populist messages he delivered to the Ukrainian people via his TV show.
by Ilya Yablokov and Precious N Chatterje-Doody
The Russian international media outlet Russia Today (RT) has been widely accused in the Western world of producing government propaganda and conspiracy theories. This book explores for the first time the role that conspiracy theories play in the network’s broadcasts.